Just like humans, the origin of coffee determines its character. The environment where growth is reflected in the smell and taste. Yemeni coffee is one of the best types of coffee in the world, commonly drunk by Sufis in Cairo in 1510. At that time the Europeans were just getting to know this refreshing drink. This type of coffee is also a popular pioneer of French democracy, Voltaire. Not only the same type of coffee, Yemeni coffee beans picked from the same tree, grown on the same land, and dried in the same place.
Yemeni coffee, also called Arabica coffee, became the favorite of Sufis in Cairo, Voltaire, and Europeans in the past century. Arabica or Coffee arabica is the first coffee species found and cultivated until now. Arabica coffee production worldwide is estimated to reach 70 percent of all types of coffee. Arabica is a superior quality in the world of coffee. The ideal area where it grows is at an altitude above 1000 meters above sea level. Below that height, Arabica can not grow well. In the highlands of the tropics as well as on the fertile volcano’s ground the arabica beans grow slowly, becoming ripe in the cool air.
Arabica coffee was also the first to enter Indonesia in the XVIII century. Immediately after cultivation, Javanese arabica leads world coffee production. However, the disease carried by hemileia vasatrix pests destroyed the arabica plant in Java at that time. Then enter robusta coffee is more stubborn against disease. Robusta coffee is not just arabica. It can live under a height of 1000 meters above sea level. More harvest results. But, about the taste, robusta can not match the arabica. Robusta caffeine levels were higher. Arabica contains only 1 percent of caffeine, whereas robusta contains 2 percent caffeine for each weight.
“Robusta came to Indonesia later when arabica was discharged in 1878. Although in recent times, Robusta coffee dominated Indonesia’s coffee production, 90% of coffee in Indonesia is robusta,” said Mirza, Coffee Ambassador Starbucks Indonesia, the world’s most prestigious title holder And the only one in Indonesia. And be Indonesia the largest producer of robusta coffee in the world.
Beda Origin, Beda Pain
Starbucks, a coffee shop from Seattle USA, splits the coffee it sells into three, based on the origin of coffee grown. “Based on the origin, our coffee is divided into three regions, namely the Arabian Peninsula and Africa, Latin America and Asia Pacific,” said Vanda, one of the coffee master Starbucks Indonesia. Of course in reality the distribution of coffee by region is not that simple. Indonesia’s coffee is included in the Asia Pacific region consists of various types, ranging from arabica coffee sumatra lintong and mandailing the famous, sumatra gayo, coffee luwak, toraja, until java arabika. Similarly with coffee in other regions. Call it Latin America rich with various kinds of coffee, ranging from coffee mexico, guatemala, el savador, Columbia, to Brazilian santos coffee.
Kenneth Davis, a coffee expert from the US, admitted less comfortable with the distribution of coffee by region. According to him, a country is very broad, while the coffee planting area is very narrow. Ethiopian coffee beans are processed in a dry way would not be the same as the seeds are processed in a wet. But he admitted in general the quality of coffee from a region is similar, and different when compared with seeds from other regions.
Later when the coffee beans are burned and smelled fragrant, he will show identity by region. Baristas or employees guarding behind a starbucks store should be skilled at identifying coffee based on its origin by smelling the fragrance. “Coffee taste is in accordance with the characteristics of the region of origin.African and Arabic coffee tastes fruity or full of aroma of fruits in accordance with the environment in Africa is full of plants and fruits.This Indonesian coffee is thick with the smell of freshly ground rainwater , But there are also laden with herbal fragrance alias herbs Latin American coffee is rich in the aroma of nuts, oranges, chocolate, and a little spicy taste, “said Vanda.
The character reflected in the taste affirms coffee as a product that is very sensitive to the environment in which it grows. Anything planted around a coffee plant can affect the aroma. The quality of coffee beans is very important in determining the taste of the resulting coffee dish.